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Gallipoli Architecture

Most of the cemeteries and memorials on the peninsula were designed by the Scottish architect, Sir John Burnet. The cemeteries appear very different to those on the Western Front in France and Belgium, reflecting the particular challenges of terrain and weather on Gallipoli.

Distinctive 'ha-ha' stone walls were used to protect the sites from flood waters, a wall at the rear of each cemetery was carved with a cross in relief, and stone markers on low pedestals marked the graves of identified casualties. The many thousands of unidentified burials were covered by earth and grass. Of the 22,000 Commonwealth graves across the peninsula, only 9,000 were marked.

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