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Get to know Gallipoli

By early 1915, the war on the Western Front had reached a stalemate. While lines of trenches stretched through Flanders and France, Russia was struggling to resist the forces of Germany and Austria-Hungary in the east. In response to a request for aid from its ally, the British War Council sanctioned a plan to attack the Ottoman Empire, which was fighting alongside the Central Powers against both Russia on its northern frontiers and against British-led forces in the Middle East.

By sending Allied warships through the narrow straits of the Dardanelles to attack Constantinople (now Istanbul), it was hoped that the Ottomans could be forced out of the war.