Men from across the former British Empire fought at Gallipoli:
from England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland, from Newfoundland and
Nepal, from undivided India, from Australia and New Zealand.
The stories of those men and women highlighted below provide an
insight into the lives and experiences of some of those who were
not to return home.
Major Algernon George Newcome Wood, DSO, lost
his life in October 1915 when he was shot by an Ottoman sniper
while smoking his pipe outside of his dugout. In a tribute to Wood,
a fellow officer said: 'he became a friend of mine, just as he
became a friend of all he met'.
Lieutenant Charles Alfred Lister joined His
Majesty's Diplomatic Service and was based at the British consulate
in Constantinople when war broke out. He requested leave to join
the army and served on the peninsula from the landings of 25 April
until late August when he was wounded by shell fire.
Private Charles Frederick Ball was an eminent
horticulturalist who had a long career at Royal Botanic
Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin before the war. The dangers of
the front did not deter Ball from his love of botany and he sent
numerous seedlings from Gallipoli back home. A comrade invalided
home remembered seeing Ball lying behind a big boulder digging up
'weeds' with Ottoman bullets spitting all around him.
Flight Commander Charles Herbert Collet was
stationed on the island of Imbros. On 19 August, his engine failed
during take-off. He turned to land but his machine was caught in an
up-draft causing it to crash whereupon it burst into flames. He was
dead when comrades pulled him clear.
Captain Edward Frederick Robert Bage was an
Australian astronomer and explorer who, in September 1911, took
part in Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition. War
broke out soon after his return to Australia and he volunteered at
once for service. He took part in the landing at Gallipoli
and was killed by Ottoman fire as he marked out a trench line in
the Lone Pine sector.
Captain Gordon Clunes MacKay Mathison was
wounded by a stray bullet on 10 May 1915 during the 2nd Battle of
Krithia, while resting outside of the aid station where he had been
Private Harold Gordon Craig worked as a clerk in
Victoria, Australia. He was wounded just two days after landing at
Gallipoli and was evacuated to Cairo for treatment. He recovered
and re-joined his unit on the peninsula but was severely wounded by
an exploding bomb on 7 August 1915.
Sister Janet Lois Griffiths had been in
Egypt barely three months when the ambulance wagon in which she and
other nurses were travelling home from the hospital came to a stop
on a level crossing. Seeing a train coming, Griffiths jumped from
the back of the wagon and ran forward to assist her colleagues in
escaping the vehicle. The train struck the wagon and Griffiths was
killed while attempting to save others.
Lieutenant Thomas Marshall Percy (Hami) Grace played
representative rugby for Wellington, the North Island and New
Zealand Maori with whom he toured New Zealand in 1911 and Australia
in 1914. Upon the outbreak of war in 1914, Grace joined the
Wellington Regiment. He was killed during the assault on Chunuk
Bair in August 1915.
Private Zaccheus Holme was the son of a
shoemaker from Manchester, England, who signed up to serve along
with friends from his lacrosse team. Holme lost his life in June
1915 during the battle to capture the village of Krithia.