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Commemorating the Dead

They have no grave but the sea, and their names are inscribed on one of the three naval memorials constructed by the CWGC after the end of the war. These stand at Portsmouth, Plymouth and Chatham - the three manning ports of the navy during the war.

Most lost their lives when three battlecruisers were destroyed (Indefatigable, Queen Mary, Invincible), but others served aboard cruisers (Black Prince, Warrior, Defence) or destroyers (Ardent, Fortune, Nestor, Nomad, Shark, Sparrowhawk, Tipperary, Turbulent).

Those who died of their wounds, or whose bodies were recovered from ships which were damaged but not sunk, were often buried ashore. The graves of sailors from Barham and Malaya can found at the CWGC's Lyness Royal Naval Cemetery in Orkney, others from Warspite and Tiger were buried at the CWGC plot in Queensferry Cemetery, Edinburgh.

The bodies of more than 200 men were washed up on the shores of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Originally laid to rest by local people, their graves can now be found at CWGC sites in those countries. The largest is at Frederikstad, an hour south of Oslo, where many sailors from Queen Mary are buried.

Four Victoria Crosses were awarded to sailors for their actions during the battle. Three lost their lives, and are now commemorated by the CWCG:

- Jack Cornwell, aged sixteen when he died of wounds received aboard HMS Chester, is buried at Manor Park, Essex.

- Royal Marine Major Francis Harvey of HMS Lion is commemorated on the Chatham Naval Memorial.

- Commander Loftus Jones of HMS Shark is buried at the CWGC site in Kviberg, Sweden.

Read an in-depth review of the Battle >