Remember me - echoes from the lost generations
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Good morale was vital to keep the troops in good fighting spirit. Singing popular songs provided one way for everyone to cope with the dangers, distress and deprivations of their situation. Go to and play the following four songs;

1. Keep the Home Fires Burning 3. If you were the only Boche in the Trench
2. Good Byeee 4. Raining and Grousing

The first two were sung both back at home by civilians and by the troops. What is their mood? Look at the words and the tune to make your judgement.

The second two were sung in the trenches. Spot the original songs used for the words!
Why were the new words written?

Take the tune of 'Twinkle, twinkle little star' and write some new words to it that might have been written by a soldier in the trenches. N.B. Bad language was often used by the soldiers ' but not by you please!


Research the composer Cecil Coles, who also died in the First World War. His daughter, who had no idea that her father had produced such work, has only recently discovered his music. Her mother was so devastated by his death that she refused to talk about him, and no music at all was ever played in her house.


The Last Post is a military bugle call that marks the end of the day. It is used in funeral and memorial services as a final farewell. It signifies that the duty of the dead has been done and that now they may rest in peace.


Follow the link and read the history of The Last Post then listen to the recording.


In Karl Jenkins' 'The Armed Man: A Mass for Peace' The Last Post is used in one of the movements. Can you identify it and work out why it was used in this particular part of the piece?


Clap the rhythm of this bugle call and write it down, assigning appropriate values to the notes.

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