On the Malay Peninsula, Indian troops were already reinforcing local defences when the Japanese invaded in December, 1941. By the time Singapore fell in February 1942, over 65,000 Indian soldiers were prisoners of war.
More than 16,000 Indians died in this campaign, either in battle or in captivity.
Many of them are commemorated at Kranji War Cemetery
Download a pdf about the cemetery here
See more about Kranji here.
Within Kranji, the Singapore Memorial bears the names of over 24,000 casualties of the Commonwealth land and air forces who have no known grave.
See more about the Singapore Memorial here.
The land forces commemorated by the memorial died during the campaigns in Malaya and Indonesia or in subsequent captivity, many of them during the construction of the Burma-Thailand railway, or at sea while being transported into imprisonment elsewhere. The memorial also commemorates airmen who died during operations over the whole of southern and eastern Asia and the surrounding seas and oceans.
Singapore Cremation Memorial commemorates almost 800 casualties, mostly of the Indian forces, whose remains were cremated in accordance with their religious beliefs.
The Japanese went on to take Burma and to occupy part of North East India. Indian forces again played a crucial role in their recovery.
In these campaigns, they lost more than 25,000 servicemen and women.
Taukkyan War Cemetery
See more about the Taukkyan War Cemetery here.
Taukkyan is the largest of the three war cemeteries in Burma (now Myanmar) containing more than 6,000 Commonwealth burials from the Second World War. Work started in 1951 for the reception of graves from four battlefield cemeteries at Akyab, Mandalay, Meiktila and Sahmaw which were difficult to access and could not be maintained. The last was an original 'Chindit' cemetery containing many of those who died in the battle for Myitkyina.
The graves have been grouped together at Taukkyan to preserve the individuality of these battlefield cemeteries.
The cemetery also contains a number of memorials, including the Rangoon Memorial, which bears the names of almost 27,000 men of the Commonwealth forces who died during the campaigns in Burma and who have no known grave.
See more about the Rangoon Memorial here.
The Taukkyan Cremation Memorial commemorates more than 1,000 Second World War casualties whose remains were cremated in accordance with their faith.
See more about the Taukkyan Cremation Memorial here.
Imphal is the capital of Manipur State, North-East India and borders on Upper Burma.
Of all the battles on this frontier of India the Siege of Imphal and its relief in the summer of 1944 rank next in importance to the Battle of Kohima.
See more about the Battle of Kohima here
Imphal Indian Army War Cemetery was started during the fighting and later, Muslim graves were brought in from a number of small civil cemeteries in the district. The graves are mostly those of Muslim soldiers of the army of Undivided India, but a small number of East and West African soldiers who were Muslims are also buried there. The cemetery now contains 828 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War.
See more about the Imphal Indian Army War Cemetery here.
At the southern end of the cemetery stands the Imphal Cremation Memorial which commemorates 868 Hindu and Sikh soldiers and airmen killed in the battle for Imphal whose remains were cremated in accordance with their faith.
See more about the Imphal Cremation Memorial here.
The Japanese advance into India was halted at Kohima in April 1944 and was the scene of perhaps the most bitter fighting of the whole Burma campaign when a small Commonwealth force held out against repeated attacks by a Japanese Division.
Kohima War Cemetery contains 1,420 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War.
See more here about the Kohima War Cemetery here.
In the cemetery, the Kohima Cremation Memorial commemorates 917 Hindu and Sikh soldiers whose remains were cremated in accordance with their faith.
See more about the Kohima Cremation Memorial here.