The Canadian attack on Kitchener's Wood (involving the 10th and 16th Battalions of the Canadian Division) was initiated specifically to co-operate with a French counter-attack towards Pilckem scheduled for early the next day. German infantry had dug-in in considerable numbers within the wood and their presence threatened the already contracted and intermittent Allied line. The surprise night attack by the Canadians was successful though at the expense of many casualties. But, in the absence of the French assault, and under heavy enemy shell fire, the remnants of the two battalions had later to withdraw to the southern edge of the wood.
According to some sources the name 'Kitchener's Wood' did not derive from a topical reference to the famous British Field Marshal (and Secretary of State for War) but instead represented a literal translation of the wood's original name in French: 'Bois de Cuisiniers' or 'The wood of the cooks'.
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