Two battalions of 80th Brigade - 4th King's Royal Rifle Corps and Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry - held the line between Hooge woods and Bellewaarde Ridge, a front of about 1,200 yards. Despite the intensity of the shelling and destruction of their trenches they held their positions and inflicted significant casualties on the advancing German infantry.
The Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry was raised in Canada in 1914 for the British Army and arrived on the Western Front in early 1915, in advance of the units of the 1st Canadian Division. The battalion included a high proportion of former British regular soldiers, including many veterans of the 2nd Boer War (1899-1902).
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