The Ypres Salient - CWGC

The early morning attack witnessed the largest discharge of chlorine gas yet experienced on the Western Front, gas being released from just south of Hooge to near Turco Farm (in the north) covering a front of about four-and-a-half miles. Additionally the German artillery bombardment included a proportion of tear gas ('lachrymatory') shells. 'The wind was light and the gas clouds in consequence moved very slowly, and from the air seemed almost stationary over the trenches. They rose 40 feet high from the ground and were so dense as to blot out houses; in the course of time their effect was felt twenty miles behind the line, and it is recorded, was still very bad on the canal at 6am.' ('Military Operations. France and Belgium, 1915' (Volune I), Brigadier-General J E Edmonds and Captain G C Wynne, London, Macmillan, 1927, p.341).


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