The Ypres Salient - CWGC

Fifth Army was supported on its right (south) by a diversionary attack of Plumer's Second Army and on the left (north) by two Divisions of the French First Army (under General Anthoine). Australian troops wearing box respirators in a trench at Garter Point near YpresThe entire battle line covered a fifteen mile front from Frelinghien on the Lys in the south (three miles south of Warneton) to near Steenstraate in the north. The nine attacking Divisions of Fifth Army occupied a front of roughly 13,700 yards (nearly eight miles) between positions in front of Klein Zillebeke, in the south, up to Boesinghe in the north (where the Guards Division met the French).

Fifth Army's attacking formations comprised (from right to left, i.e. south to north): II Corps (24th, 30th and 8th Divisions - to assault the Gheluvelt Plateau); XIX Corps (15th and 55th Divisions - to advance north-eastwards on the left of the Ypres-Roulers railway); XVIII Corps (39th and 51st Divisions - to move north-eastward in the direction of St Julien and the scattering of fortified farms to the east of that village); XIV Corps (38th and Guards Divisions - to advance on Pilckem - in the direction of the distant Langemarck). Second Army committed the following formations to the battle: II Anzac Corps (New Zealand and 3rd Australian Divisions); and units from IX Corps and X Corps.

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