The Ypres Salient - CWGC

Rain (in the form of light drizzle) was observed in some sectors of the battlefield as early as noon on the day of attack; this drizzling A runner of the 13th Australian Infantry Brigade cycling along a road flooded by heavy rain after the battle of 31 Julyrain 'set in' by 1pm and persisted throughout the afternoon, turning into a steady downpour around 4pm. Visibility deteriorated, significantly affecting communications, though the German counter-attacks against the dispersed British advanced lines, in central area of the front, on London Ridge east of St Julien, were seriously impeded by the increasingly muddy and wet conditions. The rain showed no signs of stopping. 'The German advance as it approached the Steenbeek was slowed down by the strengthening opposition as well as by the heavy rain and the consequent state of the battlefield...In many places the men were seen to be up to their knees in mud and water.' ('Military Operations. France and Belgium, 1917' (Volume II), compiled by Brigadier-General Sir James E Edmonds, London, HMSO,1948, p.173). The weapons of all combatants suffered in the conditions; many became choked with mud.

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