HIstory

Those buried represent all branches of service and all six of the Commission’s member governments: Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, South Africa and the United Kingdom.

There is a large Royal Air Forces section in the South East corner of the cemetery which also contains the graves of Czechoslovakian and American airmen who served with the Royal Air Force. The Air Forces shelter building nearby was designed by Sir Edward Maufe, the Commission’s Principal Architect for the United Kingdom after the Second World War. It has a register of the names of those buried in the section.

A plot in the west corner of the cemetery contains approximately 2,400 Canadian graves of the Second World War including those of 43 men who died of wounds following the Dieppe Raid in August 1942.

The Canadian Records building stands at the entrance to the cemetery. Designed by Maufe, the building was a gift to the Commission from the Canadian government in 1946. The building houses the cemetery registers, offices and a reception area for visitors.

In addition to the Commonwealth plots, the cemetery also contains French, Polish, Czechoslovakian, Belgian and Italian sections and a number of war graves of other nationalities, all cared for by the Commission.

As an agency service on behalf of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea, the Commission also maintains a plot of the graves of Chelsea Pensioners, which is situated adjacent to the Military Cemetery, and a small plot containing the graves of 12 members of the nursing services in the adjoining Brookwood Cemetery is also in the Commission's care.

Brookwood American Cemetery and Memorial are maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission. The plot contains a chapel and a reception building. The walls within the chapel are inscribed with the names of American service personnel who died at sea and have no known grave.

Standing at the southen end of the Canadian Section are two memorials which commemorate Commonwealth service personnel who died during the world wars and have no known grave. The Brookwood 1914-1918 Memorial was built in 2015. It commemorates casualties who died in the United Kingdom during the First World War but for whom no graves could be found.

The Brookwood 1939-1945 Memorial commemorates 3,500 men and women of the land forces of the Commonwealth who died during the Second World War and have no known grave, the circumstances of their death being such that they could not appropriately be commemorated on any of the campaign memorials in the various theatres of war. They died in the campaign in Norway in 1940, or in the various raids on enemy occupied territory in Europe such as Dieppe and St Nazaire. Others were special agents who died as prisoners or while working with Allied underground movements. Some died at sea, in hospital ships and troop transports, in waters not associated with the major campaigns, and a few were killed in flying accidents or in aerial combat.