The Western Front was the major fighting front in Europe during the First World War, stretching some 700 kilometres through France and Belgium from the North Sea to the Swiss border.
The last 100 days on the Western Front
At 11 o’clock on 11 November 1918 the guns on the Western Front fell silent. The road that led to peace was not easy, and the last few months of the First World War saw fighting on a vast scale.
Mons to the Marne
Within weeks of Great Britain declaring war on Germany in August 1914, their forces clashed for the very first time in Mons, Belgium.
The First Battle of Ypres
In the autumn of 1914, Allied and German forces fought for control of the city of Ypres, in Belgian Flanders.
The Second Battle of Ypres
The Second Battle of Ypres began on 22 April 1915. It saw the first use of a new German weapon on the Western Front: poison gas.
Battle of Neuve Chapelle
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle was the first planned large scale attack by the British. Indian troops played an important part.
Battle of Loos
In September 1915, the British Army launched a major attack against the German defences between the La Bassée Canal and the village Loos.
The Battle of the Somme
Fought between July and November 1916, the Somme offensive was one of the defining events of the First World War for Britain.
On 9 April 1917, British Empire forces attacked German defences near the French city of Arras. The fighting continued for 39 days.
The Battle of Messines
The Battle of Messines began on 7 June 1917 when mines underneath the German lines were detonated by British forces.
The Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele)
At the end of July 1917, Allied forces launched an offensive which became known as the Third Battle of Ypres.
Battle of Cambrai
Best-known today for the role played by tanks, Cambrai saw infantry, aircraft, artillery and even cavalry working together in new ways.
German Spring Offensive
In spring 1918, the German Army launched a series of offensives. Known as the Kaiserschlacht, ‘The Kaiser’s Battle’, it intended to force the Allies to the negotiating table.