CaptainMATTHEWS, LIONEL COLIN

Service Number VX24597

Died 02/03/1944

Aged 31

A.I.F. 8 Div. Sigs.
Australian Corps of Signals

G C, M C

Son of Edgar Roy Matthews and Anne Elizabeth Matthews; husband of Myrtle Matthews, of Marryatville, South Australia.

Inscription

HIS DUTY FEARLESLY AND NOBLY DONE EVER REMEMBERED

Citation

The following particulars are given in the London Gazette of 25th November, 1947

"The King has been graciously pleased, on the advice of His Majesty's Australian Ministers, to approve the posthumous award of the George Cross, in recognition of gallant and distiguished services whilst a prisoner of war in Japanese hands."

Captain Matthews was taken as a prinsoner of the Japanese at Changi and subsequently sent to Borneo with a work party. Soon after arrival he began to organise and equippe the so-called "British North Borneo Armed Constabulary" to be held ready for uprising in the event of an Allied landing. He concerned himself with many "underground" activities and arranged supplies of medicines into prisoner-of-war camps and ran a radio news service. He was in contact with the Philipines guerrilla forces and organised escape parties, with which he himself could well have escaped. He was arrested and subjected to starvation and torture in an attempt to make him betray his contacts but made no implications. He was eventually executed by the Japanese for his brave actions.

Buried at LABUAN WAR CEMETERY

Location: Malaysia
Number of casualties: 1791

Cemetery/memorial reference: J. B. 15.

See cemetery plan
Cemetery details

CWGC Archives

DISCLAIMER:
This collection of documents was assembled by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and its predecessors as part of the processes involved in the commemoration of individuals. As a result, they contain many corrections and alterations which reflect their use as working documents. For further information concerning the history of the collection, please see our About Our Records page.
Please be advised that some of the documents, especially the burial returns and exhumation reports, may contain information which some people may find distressing. The original archive records and their digital copies remain the property of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, but are available for re-use for private and non-commercial purposes.
DISCLAIMER:
This collection of documents was assembled by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and its predecessors as part of the processes involved in the commemoration of individuals. As a result, they contain many corrections and alterations which reflect their use as working documents. For further information concerning the history of the collection, please see our About Our Records page.
Please be advised that some of the documents, especially the burial returns and exhumation reports, may contain information which some people may find distressing. The original archive records and their digital copies remain the property of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, but are available for re-use for private and non-commercial purposes.
DISCLAIMER:
This collection of documents was assembled by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and its predecessors as part of the processes involved in the commemoration of individuals. As a result, they contain many corrections and alterations which reflect their use as working documents. For further information concerning the history of the collection, please see our About Our Records page.
Please be advised that some of the documents, especially the burial returns and exhumation reports, may contain information which some people may find distressing. The original archive records and their digital copies remain the property of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, but are available for re-use for private and non-commercial purposes.